In PE classes some students, especially girls, are not well integrated in the games. Particularly football is a big challenge here. If boys are more sensitive about participation in school sports, these issues might change.


1. To raise awareness of girl's participation in sport and in real life.
2. Promotion of positive communication between girls and boys about problems and the revelation that this communication actually improves something.

Created by


Length of the session


Number of participants


Age of participants



• Gym or other safe space to play football • 1 football • bibs

Required knowledge, skills and preparation of the trainer

• Concept of football3 • Experience in leading reflections • Awareness of gender issues (incl. positive discrimination)

Involvement of the participants in the preparation and delivery of the session

Through discussions and fair play rules.

Session plan

Session plan

Warm-up (10')


• 1 player chases the others
• a tagged child holds hands with the chaser
• as a “chain” they try to catch other players and so forth
• chains of 4 are divided into 2x2
• Variations
o Within the chains girls and boys have to alternate if possible
o Chain is not divided
• Communication and body contact between players (girls and boys)


First half (20')


• Explanation of how football3 works on the basis of pictures shown to the players (especially relevant in case of language barriers, but helpful anyway)
• Development of 3 fair play rules that promote equal participation of boys and girls
• What does usually happen when boys and girls play football together? Is everybody happy then?
• What rules can we apply in order to make everybody have fun playing together?
• (different kinds of rules can be found here and the group has to figure out what they feel best with, e.g.:
o Positive discrimination: “girls’ goals count 2”
o Increased pressure on girls: “goals have to alternate boy-girl-boy-girl”
o Neutral: “3 passes before a goal counts”



Second half (30')


Juve Cup
As one trainer with 24 students in a small gym or field it is not possible to have them play all at the same time. Juve-Cup works like this:
2 Teams sit or stand in a line outside of the field, 1 goal keeper per team is on the field
• the trainer/mediator says a number which indicates how many players can enter the field per team
• they then play until a goal is scored or until the trainer says “change”
• Then they have to go to the end of their team’s line
• Especially considering the session’s topic girls and boys should sit alternately



Cool-down (5')


Shake hands and have some water



Third half (15')


Discussing 2nd Half + Relation of the lessons learned to "real life"
• How was the session for the girls?
• Did you feel as part of the game?
• Did you get the ball often? If not, what can others change, what can you change?
• How was the session for the boys?
• How did it feel to include others more into the game?
• In case they say it was boring: Do you know girls who play really well? Why do you think these girls became so good (maybe because they practiced a lot?!)? So maybe girls would be as good as boys if you let them play from the beginning?!
• Reflection on the specific fair play rules and decision on fair play points for each team all together
• Do you notice differences in opportunities of girls and boys in your daily life?



Evaluation process for the session


The session could be part of a broader evaluation process which, for instance, involves regular structured observations. A more subjective and participant-related approach could be to just let them show how much they enjoyed the session with the thumb (thumb up, horizontal or down) as part of the 3rd half. This would be an introduction to the reflection at the same time.






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